By Gary Matthews of Jenkins Fenstermaker, PLLC posted in Litigation on Friday, December 8, 2017.
Each level of court in the West Virginia (WV) court system has authority, or jurisdiction, over different types of case. The civil jurisdiction of the WV magistrate courts is no different. Magistrate courts are at the bottom of the pyramid of the West Virginia (WV) court system. The majority of civil cases are considered "small claims" and are heard here. Next on the pyramid are family courts, followed by circuit courts, otherwise known as "trial courts." At the top of the pyramid is the Supreme Court of Appeals, to which the losing party in a civil or criminal case may petition to appeal a circuit court's ruling.